The Latest Blood Pressure Guidelines
The new guidelines for the latest blood pressure reading levels are a little different than previously recommended. The new normal is less than 120/80. When systolic pressure (the first number) is between 130 and 139 or diastolic (the second number) is between 80 and 89, this will be referred to as Stage 1 hypertension. Stage 2 is when systolic is at least 140 or diastolic is at least 90.
The new guidelines eliminate the category of pre-hypertension, which was used for systolic readings between 120 and 139 or diastolic numbers between 80 and 89.
Hypertensive crisis is when the top number rises above 180 and/or the bottom number is over 120. At this point, patients will require prompt changes in medication or immediate hospitalization if there are signs of organ damage.
Blood Pressure categories in the new guidelines are:
Normal is less that 120/80 mm Hg
Elevated Systolic 120-129 and the diastolic less than 80
130/80 to 139/89 is now considered Stage 1 hypertension
140/90 or above will be considered stage 2 hypertension.
Hypertension Crisis -if blood pressure reaches 180/120 or higher — and either number in the blood pressure reading counts — people will be classified as in hypertensive crisis with need for immediate treatment or hospitalization.
The first recommended treatment is change your lifestyle – your daily diet and exercise program is your first line of defense again high blood pressure and the DASH Diet is the best diet to reduce hypertension.
The DASH Diet is best done in two phases, so the DASH Diet Phase 1 is basically a low-carbohydrate diet, with no fruit and whole grains, it lasts for just 14 days. Dash Diet Phase 1 is designed to reset your metabolism and boost your natural calorie burning processes. With this protein-rich, low carbohydrate and sugar period you will see an immediate and visible weight loss.
Then when Phase Two is reintroduced with healthy whole grains, fruit and starchy vegetables so as to control your weight loss and improve the body’s response to hypertension.
Here is some great information on how to get an accurate reading of your blood pressure.